Buckwheat Growers

Buckwheat Growers2021-06-16T17:33:52-04:00

Growing Buckwheat

Buckwheat growers play a critical role in the food supply chain, and are imperative for The Birkett Mills to continue milling healthy, high-quality buckwheat products that are enjoyed by consumers across the United States and beyond.

Are you interested in growing buckwheat for us? The Birkett Mills contracts directly with buckwheat growers every spring, using a guaranteed production contract.

We’ve recently released our 2021 Buckwheat Growers Program, call us at (315) 536-3311 or contact us below to get pricing!

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8 Reasons to Grow Buckwheat

There’s so many reasons to consider buckwheat as part of your crop rotation on the farm!

Frequently Asked Questions on Buckwheat

How do I grow buckwheat?2021-06-17T15:57:34-04:00

Cornell University provides extensive information about growing buckwheat. You may also download these guides for your reference: Factsheet 50 and Factsheet 51, from Cornell.

Where does buckwheat grow best?2021-04-04T21:06:19-04:00

Buckwheat grows best in northern climates. Medium texture soils are best. Certain parts of the Northeast have the proper climate to grow buckwheat. These are places where the summer evenings are cool, but frost comes relatively late in the fall. These areas are at higher elevations in New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and West Virginia. There are also good areas near Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, and the Finger Lakes in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Ontario. Finally, there are cool regions in Maine that are well-suited. See the map at the bottom of this page.

What is the timing on crop development?2021-04-04T21:06:50-04:00

Buckwheat emerges 5 to 7 days after planting. It begins flowering about 5 weeks after planting, with full maturation taking place in approximately 70 days.

When should buckwheat be planted and how much should be used?2021-04-04T21:07:35-04:00

While typically planted in late-June, sowing may take place as late as mid-July. About 45 to 60 pounds are required per acre with 6 or 7 inch row spacing.

What are typical costs and yields?2021-06-17T16:00:14-04:00

Buckwheat is a very affordable crop with the all in cost averaging about $60 to $90 per acre for seed, planting, harvesting, fuel, repairs, and other inputs.

According to Cornell’s Fact Sheet 50, with favorable weather and good soil, buckwheat yields 20-30 bu/ac. (1000 -1500 lb). Buckwheat grown on poorer ground will have lower yields (10-12 bu/ac. is common). The state average is usually about 15 bu/ac.

Some causes of lower yields include muddy conditions at sowing or emergence (causes stunted plants), heat during flowering (causes poor set), delayed harvest (causes excessive shattering), and excessive vegetative growth (reduces seed set and complicates harvest).”

Can I grow buckwheat in my backyard garden?2021-04-04T21:08:52-04:00

Yes, it’s easy to grow your own buckwheat. It flourishes on poor soil, needs only a 10-week growing season, grows so thick that it smothers out weeds, and adds nitrogen and other nutrients to the soil.

Get Started

Thank you for your consideration of growing buckwheat! We hope to work with you soon. If you have any questions in the meantime, or just want to get started, click below.

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